Waste Management in Nepal

Due to urbanization, development and expansion of trade and commerce, waste management has become a critical issue in Kathmandu and all over Nepal's mountains. Waste disposal in developing countries is still largely uncontrolled, and vast quantities of waste remain uncollected. 

That is why, when planning your holidays to Nepal:

  • Leave behind any unnecessary packaging to avoid leaving waste in your destination.
  • Biodegradable products can replace plastics and other harmful materials. It’s now possible to buy biodegradable soap, shampoo, insect repellent candles and many other travel necessities.
  •  Don’t litter! Many of the countries we operate in have limited waste facilities leading to huge problems with discarded waste
  • Reduce excessive consumption and waste, such as buying numerous plastic water bottles. Please fill up your Nalgene bottle in order to avoid plastic waste. The Nalgene bottles can be filled up with filtered or hot water in every tea house or even during camping.
  • Know your accommodation’s recycling program and sort your rubbish accordingly.

There is a strict waste policy in effect for climbers visiting Everest and its base camp. Tourist numbers rose quickly in an area that was ill-equipped to deal with waste disposal. The Ministry of Tourism has now imposed a strict set of rules for visitors to follow regarding waste and its disposal:

  • All expeditions pay a $4000 deposit which is lost if any non-biodegradable waste is left on the mountain.
  • Rubbish is split into three categories:
    • Recyclable goods are brought to the prescribed recycling facility in Kathmandu.
    • Disposable items are brought off the mountain and deposited in front of the relevant authority.
    • Re-exportable items are sent from Nepal to their respective country of origin
  • The Liaison Officer and the region’s village leader collaborate to enforce these procedures.
  • Since 1994, Sherpas have been compensated for every discarded oxygen bottle that they bring down from the mountain.
  • Glass bottles have been banned on the mountain since 1998.